General John H. Cushman, U.S. Army, Retired
|General Cushman enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1940 and in
1944 graduated from the United States Military Academy twelfth
in his class, First Captain of the Corps of Cadets, and captain
of the NCAA champion lacrosse team. He served with the 808th
Engineer Aviation Battalion in the Philippines and Japan and
in 1946 joined the 38th Special Engineer Battalion at Sandia
Base, New Mexico, the mission of which was to assemble atomic
bombs from components for loading into U.S. Air Force bombers;
there he served as operations officer. He earned a Masters degree
in Civil Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
then attended the U.S. Army Engineer School.
|In 1951 he transferred to the Infantry branch, attended the
Infantry School, and joined the 22d Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry
Division, in Germany where from 1951-54 he was a battalion and
regimental operations officer and battalion commander. Graduating
in 1955 from the Army Command and General Staff College, General
Cushman then served three years on its faculty. In 1958-60 he
was in the Office, Army Chief of Staff; in 1961-62 in the Office
of the General Counsel of the Department of Defense; and in 1962-63,
a military assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
|In 1963 General Cushman became Senior Advisor to the 21st
Division of the Vietnamese Army in the Vietnam Delta. In 1964-65
he attended the National War College, reporting thereafter to
the 101st Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, Kentucky, where he
was Director of Supply, Chief of Staff, and Commander 2d Brigade.
In 1967, General Cushman led his brigade to Vietnam where it
fought in the Tet 1968 battles around Hue. The 2d Brigade there
earned the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm.
|General Cushman then commanded Fort Devens, Massachusetts,
returning to Vietnams Delta in 1970 for duty as Deputy Senior
Advisor, then Senior Advisor, to the Commanding General, IV Corps
and Military Region 4. In 1972-73, General Cushman commanded
the 101st Airborne Division, its colors just returned from Vietnam,
at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The draft having ended, he recruited
the division under the Unit of Choice program and brought it
to near-full readiness. In 1973-76 he commanded the Army Combined
Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and was concurrently Commandant
of the Army Command and General Staff College.
|From 1976 to 1978, General Cushman commanded I Corps (ROK/US)
Group, the 250,000-strong Korean-American field army formation
defending the Western Sector of Koreas DMZ and the approaches
to Seoul. He retired in 1978 and has since been a writer and
consultant. He is the author of many books, papers, and articles
on strategy, multiservice and multinational operations, warfare
simulation, and military command and control. In 1993 he wrote
and self-published a pamphlet, Thoughts for Joint Commanders.
In 1994 he was named Author of the Year by the U.S. Naval Institute
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